From Dragon Ball Encyclopedia, the ''Dragon Ball'' wiki
Instantaneous Movement (瞬間移動, Shunkanidō; FUNimation "Instant Transmission"; Literally meaning "Instant Movement"), Instantaneous Transmission, Instant Transmission, Instant Translocation, Instantaneous Teleportation, Teletransportation, or Teleportation is a movement technique for instantly teleporting. Son Goku learns the technique on Planet Yardrat after his battle against Freeza.
The Yardrats taught Instantaneous Movement to Goku during his time on their homeworld. He intended to use the technique to get to Earth before Freeza could harm anyone, but found it unnecessary because Future Trunks had already come to finish Freeza off. Later, he discovered he could use two of his popular attacks with this technique, the Instant Kamehameha and the Instant Spirit Bomb. Throughout the rest of the series, Goku used the technique often to travel around the universe. In the Dragon Ball series, heroes mostly use the technique rather than villains.
Instantaneous Movement allowed Goku, and anyone who was in contact with him (although plants did not count), to instantly travel great distances (from meters to light years, or even travel between the Mortal Realm and the Next World) just by concentrating on a particular individual's energy signature and "transmitting" or feeling that being's location. This action was usually accompanied by Goku placing his index and middle fingers on his forehead to help him concentrate, though if extra time was taken, the technique could be performed without this aid.
Because Instant Transmission requires a Ki signature to lock onto (whereas Instantaneous Movement does not), the successful performance of this technique was dependent on one's ability to detect them. For example, at the end of Dragon Ball Z, Goku proclaimed to Dende that he could not travel to New Planet Namek because their Ki signatures were too far away.
This technique had many practical uses throughout the series. Goku could even shift through realms, having no problem teleporting from Earth to Planet Kaishin in the Kaioshin Realm to find information on the location of New Planet Namek. In the FUNimation dub of the anime, Goku described the technique as allowing him to move at the speed of light (specifically 186,000 miles per second), however, it occurs instantly as New Planet Namek for example was light years away.
When Goku became a child in Dragon Ball GT, the ability to use this technique was greatly hindered to the point where he just randomly traveled to places a short distance away. As a Super Saiyan 4, however, he was able to use the ability to its full potential.
It was revealed in Dragon Ball Z: Broly: The Legendary Super Saiyan that this move briefly moved the user into a pocket dimension which then allowed them to move to any location instantly. The user could not travel to an area they had never been to, however, unless they could detect someone familiar to use as a homing beacon.
- Goku learned the technique from the Yardrats sometime after the destruction of Planet Namek and prior to his return to Earth during the Trunks Saga.
- Inhabitants of Planet Yardrat supposedly knew this technique since they taught it to Goku.
- Future Cell learns this technique by absorbing Goku's cells after his self-destruction on King Kai's planet (near the end of the Cell Games Saga of Dragon Ball Z).
- The fusions Gogeta and Vegetto, being two fusions of Goku and Vegeta, could also use this technique.
- Kami, Mister Popo, Uranai Baba, Tsururin Tsun, Kibito, and later Kibito Kai also knew a variation of this technique called Instantaneous Movement, but it did not require an energy signature to hone in on and did not use the typical Goku gesture.
- Cooler's metal clone servants in Dragon Ball Z: The Return of Cooler also had the knowledge of Instantaneous Movement. His method of obtaining the technique is unknown, however, it was stated that Cooler knew the technique before he came to Earth. Cooler used it to escape from the Sun after Goku launched him into it. Cooler was first seen using the technique during his second fight with Goku on New Planet Namek. He revealed it after Goku used it to dodge a large energy bomb. Cooler stated, "that's quite a clever trick" and Goku responded, "Yeah, it's called Instant Transmission" only to have Cooler blandly reply, "I know... it's of one my favorite techniques". (In the original version, Cooler stated that he was surprised that Goku knew the move as well.) After this, there were times when both used it to fight; when used by both at the same moment, it resulted in the two battling in the pocket dimension that makes up Instantaneous Movement. When this occurred in one instance, Cooler won the first skirmish in the Instantaneous Movement dimension by grabbing Goku by the leg and slamming him through a mountain. Another time, Goku entered it to save Vegeta from a crushing blow from Cooler, who had entered the dimension to surprise Vegeta. He also uses this technique occasionally in the Story mode of Shin Budokai.
- North Kaio mentioned that he could have taught Goku the technique in the Cell Games Saga when Goku visited him on his planet to find the location of New Planet Namek. (This is stated only in the anime, while in the manga North Kaio was amazed by the existence of such an ability).
- Kid Boo also uses this technique to teleport to various planets in search of Goku and Vegeta. He learned it from imitating Goku, however, in the manga it is instead said that he uses Instantaneous Movement.
- 瞬 (shun) = moment, second, instant
- 間 (kan) = interval, space, between
- 瞬間 (shunkan) = instant, moment, second
- 移 (i) = move, shift, change
- 動 (dō) = move, shift, change
- 移動 (idō) = movement, migration, removal
- Freeza is the only one of the three major Dragon Ball Z villains who does not know this technique, as both Kid Boo and Super Perfect Cell learn it after Goku.
- If you consider Vegeta to be a major villain, however, he also counts as a major villain who is unable to use this technique.
- During the Cell Games Saga, North Kaio states in filler that he knows the Instantaneous Movement technique and that he could have taught it to Goku if he had asked. This conflicts with a previous statement he makes during the Vegeta Saga, however, when North Kaio specifically says that he could not "just zap" Goku back to Earth. During the Frieza Saga, North Kaio states that there is nothing he can do to help Goku escape the exploding Planet Namek, whereas if he knows Instantaneous Movement then he could have traveled to Planet Namek and rescued Goku.